Why use CBD for pets? The complete guide to understanding how CBD can help pets and pet owners

by Formula Swiss May 07, 2019 25 min read

cbd oil for pets

In this article we will describe the many health benefits of using CBD for pets and how CBD can help not only pets, but also their owners.    

  1. Top 5 health benefits of CBD for your pets
  2. How to recognize stress and anxiety in your pet
  3. CBD and dogs
  4. CBD and cats
  5. CBD and horses
  6. CBD and small pets
  7. CBD and birds
  8. CBD and reptiles
  9. Conclusion

 

1. Top 5 health benefits of CBD for your pets 

cbd oil benefits for pets

Cannabidiol (CBD), one of the active constituents of the cannabis plant, has significant healing and adjusting consequences for all mammals. Pet proprietors have utilized it for an expansive range of therapeutic and behavioral issues — malignancy pain, inflammation, muscle spasms, seizures, neurological and stomach related disorders, anxieties, past injuries, temperament, and memory problems. During recuperation from sickness or surgery, CBD can speed up the healing process.

All vertebrates (birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals) have an endocannabinoid system that keeps systems in balance. This means that your pet can enjoy the same benefits of CBD oil that you can. Because people and some mammals have similar body structures, numerous owners have started using CBD products for their pets. Whether your pet is experiencing stress, anxiety, pain or fear, you can count on CBD oil to help.

Here is a list of the five most significant benefits of CBD for pets:

Seizures

Between 1-5% of puppies experience seizures, which are caused by an assortment of hidden conditions including hereditary illnesses, kidney and liver ones, head damage, brain malignancy and idiopathic epilepsy. Idiopathic epilepsy also affects 3% of dogs, but the cause for this condition is still unknown.

According to a study conducted by Evan C. Rosenberg, Richard W. Tsien, Benjamin J. Whalley and Orrin Devinsky, CBD gradually reduces the number of seizures to zero. Moreover, its interaction with the endocannabinoid receptors supports neurotoxicity caused by seizures.

Pain

Animals can suffer joint pain and although they are unable to communicate it, you may notice that their movement are slowed down, or they have lost appetite. Preparatory data demonstrates the connection of CBD with the CB1 receptor is instrumental in the support of chronic pain in, for example, dogs and felines. This decreases the sensation of torment and relaxes the body.

Anxiety

Anxiety can affect any pet, large or small. Using CBD for pets with anxiety will help them to stay calm and have faster reactions in tense situations. CBD is presently utilized by numerous patients (human and animal ones) as a way for an alternative type of medicine without undesired reactions. Convincing research “indicate[s] that CBD causes a selective anxiolytic effect” and states that it is “associated with significantly decreased subjective anxiety.”

Nausea

study from 2011 suggests that CBD can subdue nausea in animals. This is possible due to the combined effect CBD and the endocannabinoid receptors have.

Cancer

Studies have demonstrated that CBD could stop the growth of cancer cells. Additionally, it amplifies the effects of traditional medicine without any of the side effects. (6)

2. How to recognize stress and anxiety in your pet

New pet owners often struggle to read their pet’s body language and understand what their little friend is asking of them. Even though your pet can’t talk, they will show you exactly how they’re feeling and what they want; all you have to do is pay attention to their behavior.

For example, many pets (especially dogs) are afraid of thunder. Other stressful situations for your pet may include fireworks, strangers visiting your home, lighting, or any other loud noise outside. In these situations, stressed and anxious animals usually look for a place to hide.

What does “anxiety” mean for pets?

Animals are very similar to humans in that they also deal with stress and fear. There are two types of anxiety conditions that pets experience -situational and behavioral anxiety. Situational anxiety includes responses and reactions as a result of changing the environment. Behavioral anxiety includes separation anxiety or extended aggression. Situational anxiety is relatively easier to handle while behavioral anxiety requires help from a medical professional.

Symptoms of a pet’s anxiety:

symptomps of pet anxiety

There can be one or many symptoms of anxiety in relation to how anxious or stressed your pet is. Most pets become stubborn and hyperactive. These symptoms include pacing, barking, panting, whimpering, trembling, fidgeting, aggression, loss of appetite. More serious symptoms include dilated pupils, anti-social behavior, displacement behavior and urinating on the floor despite being toilet trained.

How does CBD oil work for pet’s anxiety?

CBD is a completely natural substance soothes and calms anxiety and stress.

However, what we do know about it, is that in the body and the brain there are cannabinoid receptors as part of the central nervous system (CNS). When the body releases endocannabinoid chemicals or when those chemicals are taken from external sources, they enhance the body’s ability to release serotonin, which is a natural mood-stabilizer. CBD oil is one of the ways to do that.

CBD reacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain, activates them and communicates with them. This results in easing tension and relieving stress in animals. Cannabinoid receptors are endogenous to the animals` brains and play a major role in regulation of their mood, memory, appetite and pain. In the brain, the prevalent cannabinoid receptors are CB1 type, while in the immune system there are more CB2 receptors. That is why CBD has mind-relaxing effects and can support seizures, pain, and arthritis in animals.

Many people are afraid to give CBD oil to their pets, they feel that it will get the animals high and make them uncontrollable. However, these effects are produced by THC which is a psychoactive cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. But CBD oil usually contains little to no THC. Nevertheless, before you use the oil, make sure to carefully read the product description.

In 2015, Spanish and US researchers reexamined studies related to CBD and its effects on anxiety reduction. These studies included both lab experiments performed on mice and rats as well as some clinical trials on humans. The studies revealed that CBD oil produces special anti-anxiety effects and can be helpful in controlling stress-induced anxiety and as well as obsessive-compulsive behaviors. Several of the studies have shown that CBD enhances the growth of new cells in the hippocampus, a part of the brain that plays a major role in the formation of memories as this is where the cognitive processes are performed. By boosting the development of new cells in this area of the brain, CBD can be effective in reducing anxiety.

3. CBD and dogs

CBD and DOGS

Experiments with CBD oil have successfully been performed on rats, but more research needs to be done in order to determine the possible effects that CBD may have on dogs. An example for such an experiment is one that showed that a high dosage of CBD alleviates a certain kind of epilepsy in rats by producing an anti-convulsive effect. Since it helps rats and humans, CBD could have beneficial effects on dogs as well, as they members of the same class as humans – mammals. 

CBD oil has been known to help a number of issues.

What can CBD do for my dog and me?

cbd and my dog

 

What should I look for in the CBD that I am choosing?

One of the very first rules anyone should go by when choosing  CBD oil for your pet, is that if you wouldn’t take it yourself, do not give it to your pet. Always make sure that the CBD oil you are using is 100% organic and has a low THC content. More often than not, CBD oil contains THC and it is almost impossible to extract one without the other. 

You are not trying to get your dog high, you are trying to help them, so you should try to get the lowest content of THC possible. Getting your dog high can have adverse effects and give them anxiety or make them feel uncomfortable and paranoid.

Should I involve my dog's veterinarian?

This cannot be stressed enough: do not give your dog anything until you have talked to their vet. He or she knows what is best for your pet. If he or she does not think that CBD products would help, you can get a second opinion   but listen to the advice of at least one of the medical professionals you choose. You do not want to unintentionally hurt your doggy because you rushed into a product that you thought would help.

10 reasons why your dog deserves CBD every day 

Even though there are a lot of misconceptions, there are still many reasons why you should consider using CBD oil for your dog every day.

1. CBD is not psychoactive

CBD (cannabidiol) is a compound found in cannabis and hemp. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) can also be found in cannabis and it’s this compound that gives marijuana its psychoactive properties. Most CBD oils are have very little to no THC and they typically come from hemp, not marijuana. In short, your dog won’t get “high” at all from CBD oil. They will get the relaxation without the intoxication.

2. CBD oil reduces anxiety

cbd reduces anxiety

CBD’s effect on stress and anxiety has been extensively studied. For humans, it’s been found to:

3. CBD can fight cancer

CBD and other substances found in hemp and cannabis have a destructive effect on tumors. CBD also stops cancer cells from growing and increases tumor cell death.

  • CBD helps the immune system’s killer cells to cause cancer cell death.
  • CBD kills cancer cells by blocking their ability to produce energy.
  • CBD’s anti-tumor properties slow and inhibit glioma cell growth.
  • CBD can help increase the efficacy of conventional cancer therapy.

4. CBD can help seizures and epilepsy

It’s estimated that up to 5% of dogs suffer from seizures.

Unfortunately, most dogs with seizures are put on drugs such as phenobarbital and potassium bromide. While they may help control the seizures, they can be extremely harmful to your dog’s liver and other organs. And the drugs don’t work in all cases.

It has been proved in studies that CBD works well in drug-resistant epilepsy. In one study, 7 of 8 patients with epilepsy that were resistant to drugs saw a definite improvement within 4 to 5 months of taking CBD.

And a survey on children with treatment-resistant epilepsy found that 84% of the children, who were taking CBD, experienced a reduction in the frequency of seizures. 

5. CBD relieves pain

cbd relieves dog pain

The cannabinoids in CBD work so well for pain-relief that scientists are considering it as a new class of drug for the medication of chronic pain. Studies show CBD to be very effective for:

6. CBD can help with inflammatory bowel disease

Animal studies show that CBD can help colitis (IBD) and restore normal gut motility in inflammatory bowel disease.

CBD also has antibiotic properties, including Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA).

7. CBD reduces chronic inflammation and autoimmune disease

CBD has been shown to decrease the production and release of inflammatory cytokines that can cause allergies, hypersensitivities and autoimmunity. It can also suppress Th17 dominance, which is a major cause of autoimmune diseases.

CBD also inhibits the production of inflammatory macrophages and decreases chronic inflammation.

Moreover, CBD is a powerful antioxidant that’s shown to be more powerful than vitamins C and E.

8. CBD can protect the nervous system and help with neurodegenerative diseases

For dogs suffering from degenerative myelopathy and other spine and nerve issues, CBD shows a lot of promise for positive supportive results. It helps patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease by protecting the brain cells from toxicity.

For senior dogs, CBD has been shown to protect the brain from cell death caused by free radicals and toxins.

9. CBD increases appetite and helps with nausea

If you have trouble getting your dog to eat, CBD may help. The National Cancer Institute reports that CBD increases appetite, in addition to controlling cancer.

In animal studies, CBD has also been shown positive results in helping vomiting and nausea, even when they’re the result of toxins and drugs.

10. CBD promotes cardiovascular health

According to Dr Bassingthwaighte`s research on the topic, CBD is linked to heart health. Studies show that it can reduce the damage in blood vessels and irregular heart rates, protect blood vessels from damage, dilate the arteries and reduce heart rate and blood pressure associated with stress and anxiety.

Choosing a good CBD oil for your dog

choosing cbd for dog

Not all CBD oils are the same. These tips will ensure you end up with the right product and that you’re getting the most out of it.

  • Make sure the product is organic: If it isn’t organic, your CBD oil most probably contains pesticides, fungicides, solvents and other nasty stuff;
  • Don’t cheap out: The higher the quality and purity, the higher the cost of the product. Also, make sure your CBD oil is free of additives and has a decent amount of CBD concentration;
  • Get the analysis: Ask for a lab analysis of the amount of CBD in the product. Many CBD oils contain only small amounts of CBD. The manufacturer should provide a certificate of analysis. You’ll also want to make sure there is less than 0.2% or no THC in the product;
  • Buy CBD for pets as oil drops: You can buy CBD in treats, but the best form is in a tincture. This way, you can adjust your dog’s dose drop by drop to make sure he gets the exact quantity.

How much CBD oil should I give to my dog?

When it comes to pet medication, finding the right dosage is very crucial. Too big of a dose can lead to several severe side effects and even death. That is why pet owners should not experiment with the pet medication before consulting with a vet.

Recent research on the subject shows that CBD oil is very effective for pets and especially dogs. It helps in the production of hormones that in return help with pain-relief and other disturbances in the dogs` physique and mind. The best thing about the CBD oil is that it does not have any psychotic effects, which means that your dog will not have to deal with any side effects.

The right amount of CBD oil is crucial for the dogs` wellbeing. So here we present you with the needed information about the CBD oil dosage and uses you should know about.

Why use CBD oil for dogs?

why use cbd for dogs

A question most people pose is that why they should give their pets CBD oil. A common misconception is that CBD oil is only good for humans and that it is dangerous for animals. However, we reassure you that there are many physical and mental benefits of the CBD oil that your pet can enjoy. Here are some of them:

Nausea and digestive issues

Common issues most of the small puppies have to deal with include nausea and digestive problems. It has been established that when you change the diet of your puppy from milk to solid food, its digestive system needs a few days to convert to that new type of food. That is why your puppy will be irritable and lethargic. With the help of the CBD oil you will be able to enhance the transition process in your puppy`s body.

Muscle pain

If you start giving your puppy CBD oil before going to bed, you will notice that all types of muscle and joint pain will be relieved, and your puppy will have a good sleep. In this case, CBD oil is a vital part of the quick recovery.

Systemic balance

Systemic imbalance is a common issue puppies have to deal with. It can be a result of an improper diet plan or of not getting proper physical activity. The metabolic rate of the dog is affected, and it often deals with some health disorders. With the help of CBD oil this issue can be resolved. You will notice that your dog is able to control his diet and that it remains active. The systemic balance of your puppy is very important for its long and healthy life.

Stress reduction

Stress is not only something humans experience, you will be surprised to know that pets, too, can easily get stressed. You not returning home on time or forgetting to feed you dog are all reasons for stress for dogs. CBD oil helps maintain the release of stress hormones in the body of the puppy. In this way, any stressful situation would be under control and not harmful for your dog. It is very important for you to control the stress level of the puppy because that is the only way it will have a healthy life.

CBD oil dosage for your dog

cbd oil dosage for your dog

  • A small dog  (up to 10 kg) should have 4-6 drops a day of our 3% Pet CBD oil.
  • Medium size dogs of weight 10 to 25 kg. should have 8-12 drops daily of our 3% Pet CBD oil.
  • Large size dog of weight 25 kg or more should have about 15 drops daily of our 3% Pet CBD oil.

How to give your dog CBD oil

Most people think that CBD oil can easily be ingested through food, which is why they mix it in the kibble. However, , this is not the right way to get the desired effects. Instead, you will have to give your pet the drops directly.

We all know that dogs are not really fans of medications. In the beginning, you will have to forcefully put the oil in your dog`s mouth, because that is the only possible way. Within a few days, the animal would most probably get used to the oil.

Make sure that you get the best quality CBD oil for your dog. The CBD oil should be extracted using the best technique, in order to deliver a pure product. There are many licensed retailers who sell the best quality CBD oil. Make sure to check the reviews and ratings of the retailer and get more information on the performance of their products. Once you have found a reliable product, you need to maintain the dosage within normal limits for the best effects.

4. CBD and cats

cbd and cats

Cat owners will be excited to hear CBD oil isn’t beneficial for just dogs- it can also significantly improve the life of your little kitty.

Why is CBD only a supplement?

cbd is only a supplement

CBD is not yet classified as a medicine, but even only as a supplement it achieved things that medicine has not been able to before. CBD is a cannabinoid, it is extracted from hemp and marijuana plants, and turned into oil. A lot of people use this oil for all sorts of medical issues even though it is not approved by the FDA yet. A supplement does need to be tested further to prove medical usage. Therefore, CBD can only be used as a nutritional supplement. A variety of CBD, along with endocannabinoid receptors, can be found in some animals` bodies.

CBD products for animals have a huge potential for success on the market once testing of CBD as a medical substance is completed. Nevertheless, consumers are already testing CBD supplements on their own

What are the benefits of CBD oil for cats?

So far CBD oil has been used on cats for eating issues, fur issues, skin issues, diabetes, anxiety and tumors. Vets have even begun to recommend the use of CBD on dogs and cats as a natural supplement to help with a large number of issues before they happen.

Cats and food

Cats are usually very picky with what they eat. A lot of cats will either eat only canned or only fresh food, some will only eat the solid food and others are used to killing mice or small birds for food.

The first thing you should remember is that cats and dogs are not the same. Cats are very strict meat-eaters and they need to have a certain amount of meat every day. If they are not eating enough, a few drops of CBD oil first direct in their mouth, then in their food on the following day will solve the loss of appetite. In addition to eating issues you can use CBD on your cats for diabetes:

Kitty diabetes

cbd oil for kitty diabetes

CBD can also help kitties with diabetes. CBD helps with insulin production and reduces inflammation. It affects the endocannabinoids in the cats` endocannabinoid system. This helps help cats that already have diabetes and acts as a help method against diabetes.

The fur and the skin

CBD can help cats with fur and skin issues. Cats that frequently go outside are more prone to developing such issues. Those conditions can easily be transferred to other cats or to humans. CBD oil can help with those skin and fur issues, plus its oily texture can ward off fleas.

Anxiety, cancer, tumors, breathing and the belly

Some cats have very high instances of anxiety. CBD can help them calm down. When used internally, CBD also acts as a remedy for the destruction of tumors and cancers. Which, together with diabetes, is something common for cats. CBD can help with upper respiratory and digestive issues as well. Cats, like humans and dogs, can benefit greatly from the use of CBD supplements. CBD has numerous healing properties that could only do good for your cat.

Gut health

Cats are known for having sensitive stomachs and not reacting well to changes in their nutrition. With the help of the University of Bologna, Formula Swiss hasconducted our own research study on the cannabinoid receptors in the gastrointestinal tract of cats. This helped us further understand how CBD reacts with your cat’s stomach and perfect our formula for improving gut health. 

The studied CB1 and CB2 receptors seem to be responsible for protecting the cat from inflammatory bowel disease. As CBD is one of the most studied cannabinoids out there, we know how well it reacts with the above-mentioned receptors. On top of that, it reacts with other cannabinoid receptors to further reduce inflammation and help your cat’s gut health.

Are there side effects?

There are some side effects to using CBD, but none of them have a big negative effect on the felines. CBD causes drowsiness and increases appetite. If your cat is already overweight, it is very important to stick with their diet while using CBD. You should not give them more just because they want it. An overweight kitty is not a healthy kitty, no matter what it consumes in the form of food or a supplement

You should always consult with a medical specialist before you make a decision about whether to give your animals CBD, but if the veterinarian gives you green light, you should try including those products in yours and your pet`s diets.

Getting the right dose

The right dose of CBD mainly depends on your cat’s weight. Most domestic cats weight around 4 to 4.5 kg. A small dose for this weight would be 1mg, a medium one would me 3mg, and a strong one would be 5mg.

Some types of cats can weight up to 11kg, in which case it’s important to up the dose of CBD oil. For this weight, 2mg is a small dose, 6mg is medium, and 10mg is strong.

We recommend you start with the lowest recommended dose then increase it if you don’t notice any positive changes in your kitty. If you’re using CBD oil to manage your cat’s pain, give them a new dose every 8 hours. For other purposes, one or two doses a day are more than enough.  

5. CBD and horses

cbd and horses

CBD can be of help for animals just as much as it is for humans, and horses are no exception. We established collaboration with the University of Bologna and published a research regarding the effects of CBD on horses.

Horses are prone to getting joint and muscle aches and pains, plus disorders like arthritis. Moreover, horses easily get more anxious than other animals. Another problem they may have is connected to digestion.

Is my horse prone to health issues?

Horses are animals that have common health issues once they reach a certain age.

Arthritis, for example, is a result of the uneven distribution of their weight – a bigger part of their body weight is in the front which puts more pressure to their front hooves and makes them prone to injury, sprains and fractures.

Another common condition is Laminitis, which results in a lot of pain and a possibility of the horse becoming a cripple, or even dying.

In cases like these, CBD oil works for horses just like it would work for human beings. It reduces inflammation, which is pretty much the initial cause of pain. It also helps with dulling the nerve endings, which can be a source of pain, as well.

Is my horse`s anxiety normal or an issue?

Horses are usually jumpy creatures that get scared easily; even from the slightest noise or quick movement. CBD can help  stop those sudden reactions and protect the animals from getting hurt as a result of those reactions.

Usually, when they are around people, horses have eye patches onto reduce situational anxiety. If a horse gets a daily dose of CBD oil, they’ll be much calmer and more focused. They’ll also be less likely to suffer from chronic stress or something more serious. Even if your horse isn’t in any kind of pain or does not seem particularly jumpy, they may still benefit from the use of CBD oil.

My horse has a bad stomach, can CBD help?

Many horses suffer from digestive issues such as indigestion, gas, and heartburn, as well as more severe conditions like colic and gastric ulcers. Cannabinoids, which are a natural part of the body, are associated with reducing inflammation in the digestive tract, and when not enough cannabinoids are produced, issues can occur. CBD can add cannabinoids to the system and solve many medical problems. 

By adding a little bit of CBD oil to horses` food, you can help ensure there is a healthy, balanced level of cannabinoids in the animals` bodies. In this way, the colon and the digestive track would have the best performance.

Is CBD oil truly safe?

CBD oil is a reliable, natural alternative to other nutritional supplements. It helps with pain alleviation as well as with the reduction of inflammation that comes from horses` active lifestyles. CBD oil could restore playfulness and increase appetite, which helps improve the overall happiness and well-being of the animal.

There are a great number of other psychological as well as physical benefits that can come from using CBD oil. 

As CBD is a non-psychoactive substance, it’s completely safe for your horse. On top of that, our high-quality CBD oils are completely organic and contain a very low level of THC. In other words, you have nothing to worry about.

Getting the right dose

Even though it may seem like your horse will need a large dose of CBD for it to take effect, they actually need less than some other animals. This i because horses are more sensitive to the effects of CBD than other mammals. As well as that, they need less frequent doses.

Your horse’s weight is the main factor you need to pay attention to when calculating the right dose. They typically need between 0.25 and 1 mg per kg. The most important thing is to start small and gradually build up to the full dose. A common baseline for most people is 40mg.

The doses according to the size of the horse are as follows:

  • Mini horses (180-300 kg)- 25 to 50mg
  • Full-sized horses (300-500kg)- 75 to 170mg
  • Large horses (500-800kg)- 120 to 200mg

6. CBD and small pets

cbd for mouse

Common problems small pets face

Small pets are by far some of the most vulnerable animals out there. They can suffer from many things and CBD helps lessen all of the symptoms due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-convulsant properties. Just like in humans, dogs, and cats, CBD works with the cannabinoid system in small pets and reacts with the CB1 and B2 receptors.

Allergies, arthritis, and chronic pain are all caused by various inflammations in the body, regardless of how small the body of the animal is.

Seizures are another serious issue small pets face that CBD can also take care of. 

We can’t forget about gut health, as CBD helps regulate your small pet’s appetite. Pets who eat too much and struggle with obesity may eat less while those who eat too little may eat more.

How to give your small pet CBD?

It’s best to stick to CBD oil when giving your pocket pet CBD. This is because you can easily change the dose depending on how effective it is. As well as that, you can more easily give your pet CBD oil through food.

The perfect dose for your pocket pet is between 0.5mg and 0.25 mg per 450 grams of weight, twice a day. If you want to stay safe and not expose your little friend to a lot of CBD at once, you can even start with less than 0.05mg per 450 grams of weight. Slowly work your way up to a dose you and your pet feel comfortable with. 

You’ll know you got the dose right if you notice improvements in your pet’s behavior and physical appearance. Because pocket pets are so small, one bottle of CBD oil will practically last you a lifetime.

7. CBD and birds

How does it work?

Like other vertebrates, birds also have an endocannabinoid system which makes them susceptible to CBD oil. CBD reacts with the system to regulate inflammation, pain, anxiety, and stress. As birds don’t produce enough endocannabinoids on their own, CBD can help cure many illnesses they may be suffering from.

One thing to keep in mind is that CBD may interact with other medication just like it interacts with the bird’s endocannabinoid system. If your bird is taking any other kind of medication, talk to your vet before giving them CBD. Regardless of how light the meds are, they may have an unwanted reaction with the oil and make your bird feel worse instead of better.

Common bird problems

Salmonella

Salmonella is one of the most common infections birds suffer from. It’s bacterial and happens when birds eat food that has already been eaten by an infected bird. Because salmonella is gastrointestinal, diarrhea and lethargy are the two main symptoms your bird may experience. This isn’t a matter to be toyed with, as most birds can die within the first three days of getting infected.

On top of that, salmonella can be transmitted from your bird to you. When taking care of a sick bird, it’s always advisable to wear disposable gloves and wash your hands thoroughly after every contact.

Trichomoniasis

Doves and pigeons are especially vulnerable to this serious infection. Trichomoniasis also spreads through infected food and can be very painful for your bird. They develop sores around the mouth and throat, which makes it difficult for them to eat or swallow.

Aspergillosis

Bacterial infections aren’t the only danger to birds. Aspergillosis is caused by the Aspergillus fungus which develops if the seed mixture or nesting materials become damp. The bird inhales the infected spores into their lungs which can lead to pneumonia and bronchitis. Diarrhea commonly accompanies the illness. Even though birds continue to eat, they are very lethargic and weak.

Avian pox

Avian pox is a known virus that affects over 60 species of birds. It’s spread through mosquito bites and direct contact with other infected birds. You’ll know your bird is suffering from this disease if lesions start developing on the legs, feet, eyelids, and beak. The virus is also known to cause joint pain which is often too expensive to treat. Thanks to CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties, your bird no longer has to suffer.

Senior birds

Old age isn’t easy on any species and birds are no exception. Some species like cockatoos, macaws, and parrots can live for more than 20 years. The older your bird gets, the more care they’ll need. Along with regular vet check-ups and proper nutrition, CBD can greatly improve your aging bird’s quality of life. This is mainly due to the fact that CBD increases dopamine and serotonin levels, thus making your bird happier.

Along with that, CBD also increases the potential for producing more GABA and neurotransmitters responsible for motivation, mood regulation, and learning. Memory and motivational decline are common in older birds (just like in people) and CBD oil treats can help counter that, too.

Senior birds are also commonly affected by pododermatitis, also known as bumblefoot. This inflammatory or degenerative disease is progressive and affects the avian foot.

Behavioral issues

Sometimes your bird isn’t sick, but just has an attitude problem. Aggression problems are very common for birds who have traumatic pasts. They aren’t aggressive because they’re mean, but because they’re scared. CBD reduces anxiety, thus also effectively reducing aggression and giving you a happier bird.

Digestive problems

Anyone who’s had a bird can tell you that birds have rather sensitive tummies. From gastric yeast infections to gastrointestinal parasites, it seems nothing can relieve your bird of the pain and the stress. Aside from extensive vet care, CBD promotes good gut health. 

This is again due to its anti-inflammatory features. As the inflammation reduces in the gastrointestinal tract, your bird gets more comfortable and can start enjoying food again.

Skin conditions

Bacterial skin infections are also something birds can suffer from. They aren’t safe from fungi that attack the skin, either. This usually happens when their cage isn’t cleaned often enough or thoroughly enough. In this case, CBD can help your bird recover more quickly.

Better immune system

CBD can also help improve your bird’s immune system. To keep your bird healthy and make sure they live a long happy life, you need to make sure they eat properly, exercise, and that they live in a stimulating environment. CBD is just the cherry on top of the cake that helps your bird ward off diseases by protecting their immune system.

Getting the right dose

The tricky thing about CBD and birds is that the right dose depends on the bird. You’ll need to give your bird CBD oil for a while before you figure out how many drops are the most effective. That’s why it’s recommended to start with a very small dose and add a little bit more drops every day until you achieve the desired effect.

Don’t worry- CBD is completely safe. Even if you give your bird a larger dose than you wanted, it won’t be toxic to them. Because there is no risk of overdose, you can safely experiment with the right amount. You might also want to consider asking your vet for advice, as they know your bird and their medical history.

To give you an idea of how to start, you should give your bird one drop twice a day for every 500 grams of weight.

Are there side effects?

Though CBD is perfectly safe, there have been rare reports of changes in apetitie and drowsiness in birds from the oil. If this happens, it just means that you’re giving your bird a little bit too much of CBD and that you should lower the dose. Once you do, the side effects will clear up by themselves. 

To make sure your bird isn’t suffering from any potential side effects, it’s advisable to closely monitor their behavior before and after they take CBD.

8. CBD and reptiles

How does it work?

CBD works for lizards the same way it works for all other vertebrates- by reacting with the endocannabinoid system. In reptiles, the main receptors that react with CBD are CB1 and CB2. 

Common reptile problems

Stress and anxiety

Even though people perceive reptiles as emotionless, they do have feelings. They can suffer from anxiety and stress much like any other animal. It’s hard to tell if your reptile has anxiety issues, but their behavior could be a strong indicator. If they’re skittish or act out of the ordinary, it’s probably because they’re stressed. Though some reptiles are naturally more anxious than others, some may have traumatic pasts that may be damaging their physical and mental health.

Nerve damage and digestive issues often stem for leaving your pet’s anxiety untreated. 

We’ve already learned that CBD has a calming effect on vertebrates, which is exactly why it may be the perfect solution to your reptile’s anxiety issues.

Inflammation

Inflammation can have a lot of different causes. Though it may be a healthy response sometimes, it can occur even out of context. What this means is that the body’s immune cells will start attacking the inflamed area. This leads to damage and can cause all sorts of diseases, even when none were present in the body before.

As CBD has anti-inflammatory compounds, it can help reduce inflammation and calm the disease that may be causing it down. Of course, CBD treatment isn’t a replacement for a vet visit, but it can speed up recovery and improve your lizard’s quality of life.

Seizures

Septicemia can occur in different types of pets and reptiles are no exception. This disease causes seizures and can damage your pet’s mental and physical health greatly. It can happen when lizards aren’t kept in clean and healthy conditions. 

Because CBD is a powerful anticonvulsant, it can completely stop the seizures or convulsions your reptile might be experiencing.

How to give your reptile CBD

Thankfully, giving CBD oil to a reptile is not very hard. All you have to do is mix in the oil with their food or water. The oily plant flavor is very appetizing for reptiles so you shouldn’t have an issue with them not taking their medicine.

When it comes to distributing CBD oil, give them small portions. This will ensure they eat their whole meal and digest the oil properly before more is introduced.

Getting the right dose

The approach to getting the right dose for your lizard is pretty much the same as getting the right dose for your bird. You need to start small and build up to it, as every lizard is different. The weight, age, and metabolism are just some factors that you need to take into consideration when dosing your pet.

To get you started, try giving your reptile 0.25mg of CBD for every 450 grams of weight. Even though this is a very small dose to begin with, you can go even lower and start with 0.1mg per 450 grams. The important thing is not to change the dose for the first week, regardless of where you start. If you start seeing improvements, don’t increase the dose.

9. Conclusion

CBD may be the best friend your pet could have ever hoped for if you use it correctly. As the industry expands, more and more research will be available to support the empirical evidence of how effective CBD is for different issues animals may have.

Regardless of if you have a dog, cat, rodent, bird, or lizard- our CBD oil can improve their life significantly in many ways. The only thing left to do is to try out this natural supplement for yourself and see just how potent it is.

This article was written by an independent and third-party author specialising in CBD, hemp and cannabis research. Any opinion, advice or recommendation expressed in the article does not reflect the opinion of Formula Swiss AG or any of our employees. We do not make any claims about any of our products and refer to our disclaimer for more information.

Formula Swiss
Formula Swiss


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